• Mass marketing (up through the 1970s) – The era of mass production, scale and distribution.
• Marketing segmentation (1980s) – More sophisticated research enabling marketers to target customers in niche segments.
• Customer-level marketing (1990s and 2000s) – Advances in enterprise IT make it possible to target individuals and aim to maximize customer lifetime value.
• Loyalty marketing (2010s) – The era of CRM, tailored incentives and advanced customer retention.
• Relevance marketing (emerging) – Mass communication to the previously unattainable “Segment of One.”
This last stage – according to marketers past and present – should be the golden era of marketing:
"The perfect advertisement is one of which the reader can say, 'This is for me, and me alone.” -- Peter Drucker
“Audiences crave tailored messages that cater to them specifically and they are willing to offer information that enables marketers to do so.” -- Kevin Tash, CEO of Tack Media, a digital marketing agency in Los Angeles.
Umm…no! In fact, hell, no!
I agree that relevance is an important thing. And in an ethical world, the exchange Tash talks about would be a good thing, for both consumers and marketers. But we don’t live in such a world. The world we live in has companies like Facebook and Cambridge Analytica.
Stop Thinking Like a Marketer!
There is a cognitive whiplash that happens when our perspective changes from that of marketer to that of a consumer. I’ve seen it many times. I’ve even prompted it on occasion. But to watch it in 113 minutes of excruciating detail, you should catch "The Great Hack" on Netflix.
The documentary is a journalistic peeling of the onion that is the Cambridge Analytica scandal. It was kicked off by the whistle blowing of Christopher Wylie, a contract programmer who enjoyed his 15 minutes of fame. But to me, the far more interesting story is that of Brittany Kaiser, the director of business Development of SCL Group, the parent company of Cambridge Analytica. The documentary digs into the tortured shift of perspective as she transitions from thinking like a marketer to a citizen who has just had her private data violated. It makes for compelling viewing.
Kaiser shifted her ideological compass about as far as one could possibly do, from her beginnings as an idealistic intern for Barack Obama and a lobbyist for Amnesty International to one of the chief architects of the campaigns supporting Trump’s presidential run, Brexit and other far right persuasion blitzkriegs. At one point, she justifies her shift to the right by revealing her family’s financial struggle and the fact that you don’t get paid much as an underling for Democrats or as a moral lobbyist. The big bucks are found in the ethically grey areas. Throughout the documentary, she vacillates between the outrage of a private citizen and the rationalization of a marketer. She is a woman torn between two conflicting perspectives.
We marketers have to stop kidding ourselves and justifying misuse of personal data with statements like the one previously quoted from Kevin Tash. As people, we’re okay. I like most of the marketers I know. But as professional marketers, we have a pretty shitty track record. We trample privacy, we pry into places we shouldn’t and we gleefully high-five ourselves when we deliver the goods on a campaign -- no matter who that campaign might be for and what its goals might be. We are very different people when we’re on the clock.
We are now faced with what may be the most important questions of our lives: How do we manage our personal data? Who owns it? Who stores it? Who has the right to use it? When we answer those questions, let’s do it as people, and not marketers. Because there is a lot more at stake here than the ROI rates on a marketing campaign.