Arizona is running out of water, and tech companies like Google, Facebook, and Microsoft are partially to blame. Water is used to cool servers for things like search, publishing, and advertising, as well as cloud storage for all types of media.Google made a deal to build a massive data center in Mesa, Arizona, east of Phoenix, which has not been finished, yet, and the city guaranteed the company 1 million gallons of water daily to cool it. Up to 4 million gallons a day if it hit project milestones.
Business Insider reported that Arizona residents each use about 146 gallons a day. The publisher, a few weeks ago, reported that the governor unveiled a plan to limit construction in areas around Phoenix after finding that the groundwater cannot support the current pace of building.
Based on this use, Google has begun to disclose the amount of water it uses. In 2021, all the company's data
centers consumed 4.34 billion gallons of water. Google tried to put it in perspective by comparing the amount it uses to golf courses. Google noted that 4.34 billion gallons are equivalent to the
annual water footprint of 29 golf courses in the southwest U.S.