With the arrival of spring we look for the first robin, the first tulip, and whether the national television upfront will happen again this year. Year after year advertisers have been willing to lay down ever-increasing amounts of money at ever-increasing CPM (cost-per-thousand) pricing during cable and broadcast television’s upfront buying season. Here large advertising buyers commit to ad units within specific, high-demand programming at guaranteed prices to insure they get their share of premium inventory at a predictable cost. Bottom line, the laws of supply and demand create this rush to buy every spring.
But wait a minute. Aren’t the number of total “T/V” hours watched by viewers (let’s expand the term “television” here to multiplatform “T/V” or “television/video”) increasing? Aren’t viewers now able to access television online, through connected TV and on mobile and tablet platforms? Doesn’t TV Everywhere (which allows cable system operators to justify their paid subscriptions and pre-empt Netflix, Hulu, Roku et al by offering programming on other platforms than the home TV set) produce more sellable inventory or supply, which would in turn reduce costs? Combined with an economy that is still in slow growth mode and would tend to suppress demand, wouldn’t the basic economic laws of supply and demand suggest this would be a formula for lower pricing and less incentive to buy upfront?
For television, the term “supply” does not describe the audience size or ratings that a given T/V program or schedule achieves. These programs merely contain the purchased advertising. T/V “supply” is rather something much more abstract: it is the attention of a target consumer within the time that the advertising message is available. Though we don’t often see hard numbers provided by major media companies, common sense tells us that it is harder to actually get a target viewer’s attention with a T/V message these days given the increase in ad-avoidance technologies like DVR, advanced remote controls, connected TVs and second–screen options where attention is shifted to e-mail, sports scores, other attention-getting media content and even other non-TV ads.
So if the supply of consumer attention is declining, those traditional TV spenders who are strategically committed to telling their story in a national footprint via sight/sound and motion deliberately or intuitively need to purchase more ads each year. This anxious desire for buyers to secure their media plans through the upfront marketplace continues unabated.
At some point, the upfront, linear television “exposure-opportunity” marketplace frenzy will no longer be necessary when television is purchased through a verified “exposure-engagement” model. Those media providers with the “best” programming and attention-capturing capabilities will prosper. And advertisers will receive more value for their spending.
There is little to fear of this change to a more accountable, on-demand system. Television/video is in a great place for all parties to thrive in the emerging, multiplatform, interactive, ad-supported T/V business model. Quality supply will become even more valuable, as will each advertiser’s very investment in advertising:
When exactly this more accountable marketplace will arrive is still up for debate and the subject of future columns. Consider, though, that all is not lost as the business model evolves. In fact, there is so much to be gained by all parties involved. Till then, have you gotten your upfront invitation yet?