Half Of Automotive Advertising To Shift To Digital

For decades, car and truck ads have swollen newspapers, screamed from radio stations and transformed local car dealers into TV celebrities.  If any single ad category were responsible for reshaping the face of local media, it would be automotive, says the 2014-2015 Automotive Advertising Outlook from Borrell.

But no longer, says the report. This year, for the first time, more than half of those dollars will be spent on digital media. The local newspaper’s auto advertising bonanza is long gone. Radio’s has only recently disappeared. Local TV stations may be next on the chopping block, observes the report.

At $35.5 billion, automotive is the second-largest advertising category, behind general merchandise stores. Car sales are up 5% this year and ad budgets are up 17%. Online media accounts for 95% of this year’s increase.

The new report outlines the mechanics of this important category:

  • Since 2004, the number of franchised dealers has dropped 18% while the number of new vehicles sold per dealership has increased 18%.
  • The increase in sales and decrease in competition has reduced the per-vehicle price of advertising for a new car by 21%, to $522. It’s the type of efficiency that has attracted new investors, and investors won’t manage dealerships the way family owners did.
  • Used cars are no longer synonymous with clunkers. The price has risen 28% in the past five years and is approaching $20,000. There will be twice as many used cars as new ones sold this year, many from the lots of new-car dealerships.
  • More than 90% of car purchases start with research via digital media. Empowered consumers are transforming dealerships from “stores” to fulfillment centers.
  • Now that dealers have their own media channel in the form of the Internet, they’re discovering that they need to come up with “news” programming on a regular basis. Specials and rebates are their versions of breaking news. They’re now spending $2,404 per new vehicle, nearly five times what they spend on advertising, in the form of rebates, loyalty programs, contests and incentives,  says the report.

While new-car sales slowly climb back to pre-recession levels, the euphoria won’t be enjoyed by the more than 3,500 franchised dealerships and five major car brands (Mercury, Plymouth, Oldsmobile, Hummer and Saturn) that have disappeared in the past decade. What’s left is a smaller, more efficient, and digitally-focused marketplace.

All signs point to sales of 16.3 million new cars and light trucks this year, a return to levels the industry has not seen since before the Great Recession. Aided by improvement in the national economy, declining oil prices, abating unemployment, and consumers’ need to replace an aging vehicle population, dealers are once again emptying their lots of new cars and light trucks more quickly than last year’s forecasts had predicted. Sales are up 5% over last year.

The recovering and re-formed car industry has attracted the attention of the nation’s most successful investor, Warren Buffett, who recently purchased the nation’s fifth-largest new-car dealer, renamed Berkshire Hathaway Automotive, the new company plans to buy more dealerships. Buffett observed that the business enjoys high sales volume and comparatively low capital investment, allowing “substantial” profits even though margins can be low.

At the industry’s peak in 1991 there were 23,500 franchised dealerships and 48,050 used-car dealers; today there are 5,800 fewer franchised dealers and 20,700 fewer used-car dealers. In the past five years alone, the industry has lost 750 franchised dealers and 7,050 used-car dealers.

U.S. Total New Car/Light Truck Sales, 2007-2019 (Millions Of Units)

Year

2007

2008

2009

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

MM Units

16.1

13.2

10.4

16.3

16.3

15.6

15.9

16.3

16.6

Sources: NADA/Borrell, November 2014

Total Auto Dealerships (Thousands) Since 1991 And Forecast To 2015

Year

Used Car Dealers

Franchised Dealers

2001

39.4

21.8

2007

37.48

2077

2011

30.82

17.54

2014

27.64

17.71

2015 (Est)

27.35

17.70

Sources: NADA/Borrell, November 2014

… though rising sales means a good thing for auto advertising, the declining number of dealerships tempers that optimism. Times were much better for ad agencies and media companies when 20 dealers competed for sales in one market. Since 2004, the average number of franchised dealers has dropped 18% while the average number of new vehicles sold per dealership has increased 18%. That odd inversion has led to a market efficiency that bodes well for dealers but not for media companies.

The average amount spent to advertise a new vehicle today is $522, down 21% from five years ago. The per-vehicle expenditure on digital media has increased to the point that it has surpassed that of traditional media this year: $295 per vehicle in digital marketing expense versus $227 in legacy media. The per-vehicle amount spent on traditional media has been decreasing for five years.

New-Car Ad Spending Per New Vehicle, Digital Vs. Traditional Media

 

Media

Year

Digital

Traditional

2005

$52

$404

2008

147

432

2010

231

383

2012

230

319

2014e

295

227

 Sources: NADA/Borrell, November 2014:

Gone are the days when half of the people who walked into a dealership left without buying a new car, perhaps settling instead for a used car. The “fall through” rate, the percentage of people planning to buy a new car who never wind up buying one, has slipped from a high of 56% in 2009 to 25% last year. This year the rate is forecast to be 19%, dropping to 15% next year. Every walk-in seems ready to buy, and often more educated than the sales rep about options and pricing.

Although millennials make up roughly one-fourth of the adult population, they account for more than half of all adults who said they plan to buy or lease a new car or light truck during the coming year. That’s up from 33% just four years ago, and their behavior is certainly different than that of their SUV-generation parents, as “American car culture is dying a slow death.” Reasons that were suggested responding to why young americans don’t buy cars are:

  • Preference to live virtually (online) has replaced the joy of “cruising”
  • Living with parents longer (about 36% live with parents) gives them access to dad’s car
  • High unemployment (the jobless rate is 12% for millennials, twice the national average) and low pay has made car purchases impossible

Against the backdrop of rising sales, dealership consolidation, empowered buyers, the emerging importance of used cars, and a new generation less enamored with automobiles, the report says “… this is where automotive advertising is headed… “

  • At $35.5 billion, automotive is the second-largest advertising category in the U.S., behind general merchandise stores. While it represents 12% of total ad spending, at the local level it’s been the lifeblood of broadcast and print media, accounting for as much as 35% of all ad revenue for some.
  • This year, total auto advertising is forecast to grow 17%. Online media will account for 95% of that increase. It’s a landmark year for digital advertising. For the first time, more than half of all automotive ad dollars will be spent on digital media. While it’s clearly come at the expense of radio and newspaper budgets, the next phase of erosion will likely affect TV the most.
  • For the purposes of this report, we separate ad spending into four categories: The amount spent by manufacturers, up 12.2% this year, to $12.3 billion  The amount spent by dealers, both franchised and independents, up 21.8%, to $21.2 billion  The amount spent by dealer associations, up 1.1%, to $1.3 billion  The amount spent by private parties, up 9.5%, to $577 million

Manufacturers  

New car advertising has historically maintained a delicate balance between dealers, dealer associations, and manufacturers. The balance will be largely maintained this year and next, but will be strained by the shift from higher priced traditional media toward less expensive digital venues. Manufacturers are continuing to decrease their dependence on broadcast TV and newspapers, while at the same time growing their usage of digital media.

Dealers  

When co-op is included, auto dealers are projected to spend $21.2 billion on advertising to support both new and used vehicle sales this year. That’s a 21.8% increase over last year’s levels.  Online, growing at 39%, isn’t the only big gainer. Cinema, direct mail, telemarketing and directory advertising are showing relatively large gains in the automotive category this year. That’s because cinema and directories are on a very small base (accounting for less than 1% of all automotive advertising in each case), and any fluctuation can look big.

For additional information from Borrell, and access to the complete PDF report, please visit here.

 

 

 

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  1. Bob Gordon from The Auto Channel, November 12, 2014 at 4:08 p.m.

    And now they know everything. In 1995 The Auto Channel's co-founder Marc Rauch and I discovered the web from Guru Steve Arnold and foresaw that this new media would provide us with the technology to transition The Auto Channel TV from a linear television programming format to what we believed would one day become interactive television.

    We found a partner in Dick Westman a great adman and president of Eisaman, Johns & Laws, Pennzoil's international ad agency, who had the vision to convince his client that this new Internet thing would become a marketing juggernaut and had Pennzoil agree to a two year title sponsorship position. The Pennzoil sponsorship allowed us to invest in an impressive team of engineers, journalists, videographers and visionaries to build The Auto Channel to meet an interactive future we knew would come with; automotive content produced and delivered as live and prerecorded video and audio, animations, databases, and interactive advertising options....but as much as we pitched and evangelized the value of The Auto Channel.com, the auto manufactures just didn't get it (but based on the article below now they do).

    In fact most manufacturers early-on didn't have an interactive web site and even more surprisingly did not have an alternative to their 800 number that encouraged customers and potential customers to reach out and communicate with them.

    And most harmful to us, ad budgets for our new medium were not only limited but put under the control of inexperienced junior execs, who might have been technically IT proficient but were not auto advertising savvy, because virtually all experienced auto advertising execs had no clue about the capabilities and future potential of the web as a commercial home run. (Hmmm the Internet..."when I go home tonight I will ask my kids about it".)

    Even the largest automotive ad agencies in the world had virtually no one on their interactive media staff who understood the potentials of marketing their client's products online, or if they did had zero clout to implement.

    The roadblocks placed in front of our leading automotive web site were staggering.

    And here The Auto Channel is almost 20 years later, still pioneering new and exciting methods of communication with our viewers and still struggling to get the full attention of those who control budgets. As Roseanne Roseannadanna might say "...it just goes to show you, it's always something—if it ain't one thing, it's another." today's online advertising focus has shifted from logical advertising to big data, more bull out of the mouths of no nothings...hmmm maybe in another 10 years or so someone at an ad agency will discover that good advertising in relevant content, delivered at the appropriate moment will really help to market cars and trucks...we await that day.