Industry-wide factors emerged as key drivers of trends in Q2. Confiant observed a substantial decrease in violation rates from Q1 to Q2 2019 for both Malicious and In-Banner Video ads. It suspects the decrease in IBV is driven by a broad set of industry factors, including growing ads.txt adoption and supply-path optimization, coupled with a more aggressive approach by the SSPs. The net effect is to foreclose the arbitrage opportunities that drive IBV. Despite these improvements, it found that nearly 1 in every 200 impressions was marred by a serious issue.