U.S. counterparts in Europe also have faced difficulty with ad-supported business models. News organizations are focused on lean, sustainable operations with diverse revenue sources.
Amazon's growing advertising business is the next great disruptor for publishers that must contend with another digital rival.
Publishers may get blocked if they aren't careful about what appears on their websites, such as unmoderated comments from users.
Madison Avenue forecasts ad spending will grow modestly next year. Publishers will be challenged to boost digital ad sales amid growing competition. The saving grace for many publishers will be mobile ad sales.
The decision is another sign that Facebook is fine-tuning the procedures for handling political content after years of withering criticism. But the company is likely to face more hostility when it starts picking which publishers can be considered legitimate.
Publishers are taking a more holistic approach to marketing - it isn't aimed solely at advertisers and media agencies, but the broader consumer audience.
The company's restructuring renewed speculation that Wintour, the publishing giant's artistic director and "Vogue" EIC, would leave Conde Nast.
Publishers that have struggled to adapt to competition from digital channels need to consider how commerce fits with the changing needs of audiences.
Common technical standards for the industry may help publishers avoid duplicating their efforts. The money they save could be spent on creating original content.
Publishing has become a high-tech business, especially with smartphones boosting the consumption of online content in the past 10 years. Digital publishers depend on teams of tech workers to keep their websites and apps running smoothly.