It’s hard to see when you’re stuck inside. And I’m not talking about self-isolating during a pandemic. I’m talking about our perspective of the media landscape.
Currently, the concept of “us vs them” is embedded into our modern idea of politics. Populist politics, by its very nature, needs an enemy to blame. It creates a culture of antagonism, eroding social capital and dismantling any bipartisan trust.
We are far down this path, and maybe too far to turn back. But we have to realize that no nation or region in modern history has ever prospered in the long term by wantonly destroying social capital.
There are many examples of how regionalism, xenophobia and populism have caused nations to regress. There is no example of these things leading to prosperity and long-term success. Yet this is the path we seem to have chosen.
On most mainstream media, with its inherent left-wing bias, there is a personification of the problem, primarily in the President: “If Trump wasn’t there, things would be better.”
The sad truth is, Trump didn’t cause the problem. He just capitalized on it. So we have to look elsewhere for where the problem originated.
And that leads us to an uncomfortable reality. We are the problem — meaning we, the media, particularly in the U.S.
But it’s hard to see that when you’re looking from the inside. So last week I changed my perspective.
Because of COVID-19, we should all be focused on the same story, perhaps for the first time in our lives. This gives us an unprecedented opportunity to compare the media landscapes against what should be a fairly objective baseline.
The Canadian Litmus Test
I’m Canadian — and for Americans, I know that living next to Canada is like having "The Simpsons'" Ned Flanders for a neighbor. We seem nice and polite, but you can’t help feeling that we’re constantly judging you.
But Canada does offers Americans the chance to compare cultures that have much in common but with some key critical differences. It was this comparison that geographer, historian and anthropologist Jared Diamond employed in his latest book, "Upheaval: Turning Points for Nations in Crisis."
“Many of Canada’s social and political practices are drastically different from those of the U.S., such as with regards to national health plans, immigration, education, prisons, and balance between community and individual interests,” he writes. ”Some problems that Americans regard as frustratingly insoluble are solved by Canadians in ways that earn widespread public support.”
As a case in point, Canada has handled COVID-19 in a notably different way. Our pandemic response has been remarkably non-partisan. For example, we have the unusual spectacle of our most Trump-like politician, Ontario Conservative Premier Doug Ford, stepping up as a compassionate leader who is working effectively with Liberal Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and his own opposition.
The Myth of Impartial Reporting
This is not the case in the U.S. Because of America’s political divides, it can’t even agree on what should be a simple presentation of fact on the story that affects us all equally.
A recent PEW study found that where you turn for your news will significantly impact your understanding of things like when a vaccine will be ready or whether coronavirus came about naturally.
To check this out, I did a comparison of the three most popular U.S. news sites on April 29.
Let’s start with CNN. Of the 28 news items featured on the home page “above the fold,” 16 had an overt left bias. The most prominent was inflammatory, dealing with Trump’s handling of the pandemic and his blowing up at press criticism. A Biden story on the Tara Reade accusations was buried in small print links near the bottom.
Now let’s go to the other side of the spectrum: Fox News, which also featured 28 news items “above the fold.” Of these 14 had an overt right bias. Again, the headline was inflammatory, calling out Biden on the Tara Reade allegations. There was no mention of any Trump temper tantrums on the home page.
Finally, MSNBC’s headline story was actually focused on COVID-19 and the Remdesivir trial results and had no political bias. The site only had nine news items above the fold. Four of these had a left-leaning bias.
The home pages bore almost no resemblance to each other. You would be hard-pressed to understand that each of these sites represented the news from the same country on the same day.
Now, let’s compare with Canada’s top two news sites, CBC and Global News.
About 60% of the stories covered were the same on both sites and given roughly the same priority. The same lead story was featured on both — about a missing Canadian military helicopter. On CBC, only one appeared to have any political bias at all and it was definitely not explicit, while none of Global’s did.
That’s in comparison to the American news sites, where over half the stories featured -- and all the lead ones -- were designed and written to provoke anger, pitting “us” against “them.”
Once mainstream media normalizes this antagonistic approach, it then gets shunted over to social media, where it’s stripped of context, amplified and shared. Mainstream media sets the mood of the nation, and that mood is anger. Social media then whips it into a frenzy.
Both left- and right-wing media outlets are equally guilty. CNN’s overriding editorial tone is, “Can you believe how stupid they are?” Fox’s is, “They think you’re stupid and they’re trying to pull a fast one on you.” No wonder there is no common ground where public discourse across the political divide can begin.
Before COVID-19, perhaps we could look at this with a certain amount of resignation and even bemusement. If you’re “us” there is a certain satisfaction in vilifying “them.” But today, the stakes are too high. People are dying because of it. Somehow, the media has to turn America’s ideological landscape from a war zone into a safe space.