Commentary

Social Acceleration Contributes To Shorter Attention Spans

“Social acceleration” is real, it’s being led by social networking, and it’s ruining our attention spans.

That’s according to a new study from researchers at the Technical University of Denmark, which defines social acceleration as “the increasing rates of change within collective attention.”

The study, just published in Nature Communications, finds our collective attention span is narrowing. This phenomenon is impacting everything from book readership to web searches to movie popularity.

For their findings, the researchers studied Twitter data from 2013 to 2016, book readership from Google Books going back 100 years, movie ticket sales going back 40 years, and citations of scientific publications from the last 25 years. In addition, they gathered years of data from Google Trends, Reddit and Wikipedia.

What they found was empirical evidence of ever-steeper gradients and shorter bursts of collective attention, given to discrete cultural “items,” and rapid exhaustion of limited-attention resources.

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When looking into the global daily top 50 hashtags on Twitter, for example, the researchers found that peaks have become increasingly steep and frequent.

In 2013, a Twitter hashtag stayed in the top 50 for an average of 17.5 hours, which gradually decreased to 11.9 hours by 2016.

Among other conclusions, the researchers determined that more content being produced in less time is exhausting the collective attention.

“The shortened peak of public interest for one topic is directly followed by the next topic, because of the fierce competition for novelty,” they write.

Since the available amount of attention remains more or less the same, the result is that people are more rapidly made aware of something happening and lose interest more quickly.

However, the study does not address attention span on the level of the individual person.

“Our data only supports the claim that our collective attention span is narrowing,” the researchers write. “Therefore, as a next step, it would be interesting to look into how this affects individuals, since the observed developments may have negative implications for an individual’s ability to evaluate the information they consume.”
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