The good news is that programmatic trading has emerged as the second fastest-growing segment of the advertising marketplace. The bad news is
that it is the problems it has been having tapping into the fastest-growing segment -- mobile -- that is limiting programmatic’s growth. That’s one of the key findings from Magna
Global’s third-quarter Media Economy Report.
While ad spending on mobile media will average an annual growth rate of 30.6% through 2017, programmatic trading will expand only 25% annually due to some significant impediments preventing it from tapping into mobile’s growth.
While that’s still impressive given that Interpublic’s Magna unit projects the overall advertising marketplace will expand only 5.2% annually over the next five years, the problems are limiting both programmatic’s and mobile’s potential, says Magna Managing Partner-Media Intelligence Practice Brian Monahan.
Specifically, he says that it is the technical limitations of mobile’s data targeting that “currently cripple the effectiveness of mobile programmatic buys.”
“In addition to needing real-time access to large pools of inventory, scaled programmatic buying requires the ability to identify niche audiences as defined by third-party data providers and to retarget users who take specific online actions,” Monahan writes in the new report, which was released late last week during the CES conference in Las Vegas.
While Web browsers enable third-party cookies to provide that data in the display advertising marketplace, a variety of factors, including the fact that Apple’s Safari browser does not accept third-party cookies, have proven to be a major impediment to the programmatic trading of mobile ad inventory.
“Even on Android devices with browsers that accept cookies, identification breaks as users jump between app and browser sandboxes,” the Magna report notes, adding: “Finally, there is no easy way to identify and retarget based on PC activities. In exchange buying, a critical safeguard for brand appropriate environments is provided by ad safety vendors. In the Web they rely on web crawlers and macros delivered with their tags by the ad server to extract information on the content and the ad placement. These techniques are not yet sufficiently robust to extract the required brand safety information from mobile apps.”
Despite those limitations, programmatic trading is booming, even without mobile’s impetus. Magna forecasts it will grow more than 40% this year, rising to 23.2% of all online display advertising sold. By 2017, Magna predicts programmatic trading will rise to $7.533 billion, representing 43% of all online display advertising.
Magna’s estimates are among the most aggressive in the industry, although others are also pretty optimistic on programmatic’s growht potential. A report released last week by J.P. Morgan analyst Doug Anmuth, citing eMarketer data, predicts that programmatic trading will expand to $4.533 billion by 2016, accounting for 28% of all display advertising that year. (Magna pegs programamtic at $6.525 billion, and 38.7% of display by that year.)
While Anmuth does not address the mobile issues associated with programmatic trading, he says the growth of programmatic buying is propping up the online display ad market’s growth, and will offset a slowdown in search spending, although many publishers still complain about it “commoditizing” pricing.
“We expect desktop display advertising to increase 10% in 2013, driven in part by real-time bidding (RTB) or programmatic buying of display,” Anmuth wrote in a report sent to investors late last week. “We believe slowing desktop search, in particular, is likely to serve as a catalyst for direct marketers to allocate a greater percentage of their budgets towards RTB and performance-based display.”
Much of that growth, Anmuth writes, is attributable to the growth of the Facebook Exchange, which is pouring untapped ad inventory into the programmatic marketplace.
“We think Facebook’s entry into RTB could make Facebook one the largest sellers of RTB inventory over time,” Anmuth predicts. “According to our checks, the Facebook Ad Exchange (FBX) could potentially increase industry RTB inventory by 66% within the next 6-12 months.”
Interestingly, that surge won’t just benefit Facebook, but will be a rising tide for the entire display ad exchange marketplace, including the Google Ad Exchange, the Google Display network, Yahoo’s Right Media, AOL and others.
“To provide some perspective, Facebook accounted for 28% of all US desktop display ad impressions in 2011, according to comScore making it an important new destination for RTB advertisers to specifically re-target individual users,” Anmuth explains, adding: “FBX was released out of beta in mid-September and now has at least 16 data and technology partners including AppNexus, DataXu, Kenshoo, RocketFuel, Triggit, and Turn, among others. We believe the incorporation of third-party data into Facebook’s ad platform is material. For example, if a user visits an online travel site but leaves before the check-out process, that OTA can re-target the same user on Facebook with additional messages or offers.”
Anmuth predicts that Facebook’s FBX momentum will encourage Google, Yahoo and others to enhance their own exchange and programmatic display offerings to compete with Facebook’s massive reach and supply of inventory.