The role of the unconscious presents an important opportunity for business. But to truly understand why people do what they do, we must look at the psychodynamic context surrounding decision-making. In the marketplace, consumers often project rationality onto brands to reduce potential cognitive dissonance (buyer's remorse). But initial satisfaction with a purchase is a poor indicator of whether their affections will endure.
Fostering brand relationships
Many companies talk about the need to establish lasting customer “relationships.” And where else but in interpersonal relationships do we bump up against our emotional needs? As in all interpersonal relationships -- friendships, marriage, company and client -- trust lays the foundation for growth and development.
By identifying the emotion-based needs of their audiences, businesses can discover insights that transcend standard marketing practices. Let’s see how marketers can uncover the logical explanations of consumer behavior associated with brand loyalty or disconnection.
The decision-making process is driven by a mix of conscious, logical, and subconscious, emotional needs. When faced with too many choices, people often gravitate toward products or services that “feel” right. And in such a crowded marketplace, emotional drivers trump rational consideration.
Businesses are adept at addressing the rational, logical aspects of the customer’s decision-making process, but are largely ignorant of the emotional element. Many ignore the core human needs that deeply influence customer decisions only to find themselves baffled by their failure to retain customers.
Marketers often talk about customer relationships, but make little attempt to understand customers' evolving emotional needs, dooming the very relationships they hope to foster. Marketing strategies often depersonalize people -- customers are viewed as targets, buyers, early adopters, or eyeballs, further undermining their attempts to address the emotional needs that drive their purchase decisions.
Beware customer satisfaction scores
Brands can also be misled by customer satisfaction measures that fail to take into account whether customers’ emotional needs have been met. As a result, while customers may verbally express satisfaction with a product or service, subconsciously, they may have no desire to repeat the experience -- deciding instead to try another product or brand.
Businesses need to balance quantifiable marketing, but then must take a further step to understand the meaningful, intimate insights into the true drivers of behavior. Businesses must understand “why” and ask not only “what will this product do for the customer?” but also “what will this product do for the customer’s emotional self and identity?”
While businesses must address the emotional needs of customers, at the same time they must also respond to customers' rational needs. If a business focuses only on the rational drivers, it will make mistakes. If it focuses only on emotions and fails to fulfill rational needs, it will not win customer loyalty. Only by balancing the appeals to both the emotional and the rational mind will marketers succeed in building lasting, profitable, relationships.