As the stream of shoppers circulate, computers embedded in the digital billboards along the concourse get a distinct ping. Then another. By analyzing the cell phones’ search and web histories, the computers see a critical mass of adolescents congregating nearby.
In moments, the digital billboard replaces the home furniture ad displayed for the earlier soccer-mom crowd with an ad for the new spring line at an apparel store on the third floor. As the flock of teens discuss their next destination, they start to talk about the sale. Sure enough, one of them needs a few new shirts for the upcoming season.
This is just one part of the quiet data-driven revolution taking place in out-of-home (OOH) advertising.
This advertising medium, once thought of as modest and old-fashioned, is quickly advancing to compete with more technologically sophisticated ad formats. A data-driven revolution is occurring alongside the emergence of advanced tools that automate everything from data aggregation to planning and buying.
Three main areas of OOH advertising have already experienced major advancements with more to come: digital billboard integration with mobile advertising, next-generation rating systems, and the partnership of mobile data firms with OOH ad suppliers.
Ad buyers are also realizing some unique advantages of OOH when compared to digital formats. This is important as multiple studies have shown consumers’ dislike for digital ads. Accenture found 74% of consumers say advertising interruptions do not match their personal interests, while in 2015, the IAB found 45 million users are actively using ad blocking software.
OOH, alternatively, offers brands a non-invasive way of reaching consumers.
Old questions around OOH impressions are being answered with increasing sophistication. In years past, the only measure possible for roadside billboards was how many cars passed a given point on the road.
Now, Geopath, the industry’s ratings organization, measures much more, including the number of passengers in a vehicle along with their demographic data, billboard density, positioning, distance from road, and even eye-tracking. (This graphic from Geopath explains in further detail.)
Along with the improved impression data for roadside billboards, there are more advancements being made in data collection and aggregation. Experts are looking at creating more granular data sets on an anonymized level. For example, data is being aggregated for smaller areas, such as a square block or per meter, which would help advertisers fine-tune the timing of their ad’s appearance, based on the amount and demographic of people in a specific area.
Origin and destination tracking is also helping OOH advertisers reach the right audiences and save money by avoiding unnecessary expenses.
For example, commuters may be making a daily round trip from their suburban home to the office. Local restaurants at their destination may not benefit from advertising their dinner menus to these commuters on their way home. The market vs. out-of-market impression data now being analyzed helps planners understand the where and when to advertise.
The upgrades in OOH are hardly taking place in a silo. Mobile data firms are partnering with OOH firms to serve ads and help conversion rates, either at brick-and-mortar locations or via ecommerce. In addition to the digital-billboard scenario described above, mobile devices are increasingly important when it comes to geofencing, allowing location-based ads to be served when a potential customer “breaks” a digital fence.
Tracking mobile devices allows businesses to understand how consumers are engaging with competitors. Online search activity is now tied into OOH. A recent Nielsen study found that OOH ads are the most effective offline medium in driving online activity as 46% of US adults used a search engine to look up information after seeing or hearing an OOH ad.
But arguably, the most important aspect of the integration of mobile and OOH is the conversion rate. An earlier OAAA study found that consumer action response, such as purchases, online searches and brand-related social media activity, occurred 22% of the time within 30 minutes of exposure to OOH advertising.
Marketers are moving away from thinking about channels and more about the consumers’ journey and location. While being agnostic about the medium is helpful in having flexibility in planning, the marriage of data and OOH can be a powerful force — a less intrusive, more targeted way of reaching customers.
I happen to be a big supporter of OOH digital media however one of the main stubling blocks to securing more support from national advertisers is what should be one of the greatest strengths of digital OOH, namely geographic selectivity. The plain fact is that relatively few national marketers have anything that approaches well developed local market ad strategies; instead they "think national" and buy mostly national media, leaving it to the store chains, dealers, bottlers, etc. to handle the situations in their local areas. This may be a difficult problem to overcome for digital OOH.
So, in the meantime, why not create the equivilent of TV's "unwired networks", in effect selling ads to a variety of OOH digital entities as a unified national buy---a "turn key" operation, with audited audience delivery, a single bill for the entire network and no cherry picking---you buy the whole package, not each venue individually?
That's a good point, Ed. Several folks are working on this as we speak. Me for example. :) I recently left the online space for DOOH to help advance that very cause (create a data-driven DOOH platform that allows brands to connect to targeted consumers in the physical world - nationwide & programmatically). As data and inventory availability gets better, and other mediums and formats continue to deal with their own challenges, DOOH has a huge opportunity to innovate, gain share, increase momentum, and grow like gangbusters (think print to internet late nineties).