Amazon is facing a possible fine of nearly half a billion dollars for allegedly violating Europe's broad privacy laws, according to a report in The Wall Street Journal.
Data regulators in Luxembourg reportedly have drafted a proposal to fine Amazon around $425 million over its collection and use of consumers' data, according to the Journal.
It's not yet clear why the Luxembourg authorities believe Amazon has violated Europe's General Data Protection Regulation, but the company has been the subject of at least one other privacy action in Europe.
The French authorities said Amazon didn't adequately explain cookies, or that users could refuse to accept them.
Separately, two years ago the Austrian privacy group noyb alleged that Amazon Prime and seven other companies violate EU privacy law by failing to provide consumers with access to their data.
The proposed $425 million fine for Amazon is still only tentative, and won't be finalized without the agreement of other EU countries, according to the Journal.
Other U.S. companies, including Google and Facebook, have also been hit with privacy related fines in Europe.
Four years ago, authorities in Europe fined Facebook $122 million for allegedly misleading officials about its ability to automatically combine data about its users with those of the messaging service WhatsApp.