Continuous Cable News Was Created 40 Years Ago This Week

It seemed like a good idea at the time.

Of course it was a good idea: Launch a 24-hour news network on the relatively new and fast-growing television delivery system known as cable TV.

And so, the Cable News Network (CNN) was born -- 40 years ago this week on June 1, 1980. The network’s co-anchors at launch were a married couple, David Walker and Lois Hart (seen in the Day One photo above).

As a means for delivering television to households, cable TV had been around for several decades by the time a brash, Atlanta-based media mogul (and media hound) named Ted Turner came up with CNN.

But even in 1980, cable TV was still far from penetrating most of America’s TV households. CNN was part of the first generation of cable TV channels that helped the industry grow and achieve widespread household penetration throughout the 1980s.



Speaking from personal experience, I had no cable TV until around 1989, when it finally came to my neighborhood. And I didn’t live in the boonies somewhere. I lived in Queens, New York, in a community just across the East River from Manhattan.

By 1980, HBO had already been around (as Home Box Office) since 1972. Nickelodeon, cable’s answer to the kids’ TV shows on PBS, launched in 1977. So did USA Network.

The early cable networks were often the first and for a while, the only ones of their kind. CNN filled a 24-hour news niche that very likely would have been filled eventually by someone. It just so happened that Ted Turner got there first.

CNN then had the cable news field all to itself until 1996, the year when both MSNBC and Fox News Channel were launched in July and October, respectively. (CNN launched Headline News, a sister 24-hour news channel, in 1982.) 

The emergence of competitors forever changed the 24-hour cable news business that CNN started.

While both MSNBC and Fox News Channel played it straight when delivering the news during many of their daytime hours, prime time evolved into a free-for-all for partisan commentary -- MSNBC on the left and Fox News on the right.

As the two newcomers became better established, the straightforward approach to news that CNN had practiced since its inception became a liability, or at the very least, a drag on the network’s ability to compete in the new mouthy, partisan world of TV news.

For a long time, CNN tried to stay in the middle-of-the-road, middle lane of the cable news highway, but audiences gravitated to the opinion-news channels.

The result is that today, CNN’s talk shows -- and indeed much of its coverage generally -- has adopted a point of view that, at the very least, is left of center.

It is not what CNN once was. There was a time when CNN was considered the most reliable, most trustworthy source of news on television. Some might say the network hit its peak in the first Gulf War in 1991 when CNN and its swashbuckling correspondents took center stage.

But that was a long time ago. Our world has changed and so has our TV news. The 40th anniversary of CNN is as good a time as any to remember a time when the word “news” really meant news, and CNN was in the vanguard.

3 comments about "Continuous Cable News Was Created 40 Years Ago This Week".
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  1. Frank Anthony from Self, June 5, 2020 at 2:01 a.m.

    Wow.  Incredibly spot on!  I also gained access to cable, living in Queens, in 1986.  It was a game changer for me as a teen, and helped cement my love of the TV business which I would enter years later.  I remember, as a senior in HS in 1991, coming home every day and running to the TV to turn on CNN and watch how amazing their coverage of the Gulf War was, and how compelling this dude, Wolf Blitzer, was as he reported from Baghdad.  Almost 30 years later, it saddens me to see how he's sold his soul to the liberal corporate elite, not only losing his integrity, but losing at his job every day to MSNBC/Fox News.  A true lesson that we should all leave when we're on top.  

  2. Bruce Goren, June 6, 2020 at 1:05 a.m.

    Well . . . not exactly.

    ". . . CNN then had the cable news field all to itself until 1996, the year when both MSNBC and Fox News Channel were launched in July and October, respectively. (CNN launched Headline News, a sister 24-hour news channel, in 1982.) . . ."

    You've forgotten the reason CNN2 (CNN Headline News), which launched in January 1982, was created in the first place. I was on Master Control at CNN for the simulcast debut, a few years later I was also on hand for the launch of Turner's short lived CMC (Cable Music Channel). The plan was to head off looming competition from the ABC/Group W venture in Stamford Conn. , and it worked. SNC went dark in October of 1983. The chilling effect of that colossal failure left the field wide open to CNN/CNN2 through 1996.

    SNC (Satellite News Channel) was launched on June 21, 1982 . After getting our butts kicked trying to organize for NABET, several key production members of the CNN start-up team jumped ship and defected to SNC. ( I interviewed but did not get the gig <G>) .

    Ah, those were the days. I can still hear Reese Schonfeld strutting behind the live news desk and screaming at the Control Room to "Get Those Prime Assholes Off The Air !".

  3. Harold Hallikainen from Independent, June 6, 2020 at 4:51 p.m.

    At the time CNN was launched, I really questioned its viability. NBC had tried a 24 hour a day radio network (NBC News and Information Service) in 1975 and could not make a profit. It was shut down in 1977 ( ) . And here, a few years later, someone was going to launch a 24 hour a TV news network.  

    In 1990, in the Gulf War, "The war marked the introduction of live news broadcasts from the front lines of the battle, principally by the US network CNN." ( ). Some people objected to CNN presenting a view from "the other side." I had a letter in Broadcasting Magazine praising CNN for the coverage saying that I wanted to hear news from all sides and not have the network be a "cheerleader for the US."

    Congratulations on 40 years, CNN. An amazing journey!

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